ICPE International Conference on Physics Education 2014

Argentina

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Argentina is a large country, the 8th largest in the world, with very different geographic regions, home to a high biodiversity of species, and a great variety of landscapes and climates.

Native people have been influenced by the Spanish culture inherited during colonialism, as well as major migration waves that took place by the end of the 19th Century. They helped develop a very European social profile with many of the traditions from the Old Continent –especially of Mediterranean countries. The Spanish, Italian, and French culture have left their legacy in areas such as education, art, architecture and gastronomy. However, there are wide native populations living in rural areas in some provinces in the country, where local traditions and folklore remain intact. The native and European traditions merge giving birth to a melting pot of cultures and races, where people are very opened to the rest of the world and to cultural diversity, producing a unique identity.

Visitors can enjoy an endless array of options: soccer, tango, folklore, polo, golf, trekking, horse riding, rafting, recreational fishing, skiing, hunting, thermal springs, spas, archaeological ruins, wines, beef, and more. The virgin tropical rainforests and impressive national parks, the endless nightlife, the delicious food, the shopping areas, the art, the shows, the casinos, and above all, the people make this country an ideal destination for any kind of tourist activity and a unique destination for a one-of-a-kind successful business trip.

Tradition, professionalism, and hospitality combine to provide visitors the best possible assistance. Argentina offers an excellent and varied range of accommodation options, including qualified additional services. These characteristics identify Argentina as an internationally developed country in terms of facilities, technology, and infrastructure, which explains the large growth and diversification of tourist activities, especially in the field of the meeting industry.

Everything you can imagine and much more is waiting for you in Argentina, a unique and passionate experience.

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argentinamapaThe Argentine Republic, with an area of almost 3.8 million square kilometers (1,468,000 square miles), is located in the Southern Hemisphere of the American continent. Its 3,800 kilometers (2,361 miles) in length stretch from 22º to 55º south latitude. The country borders on Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile, and on the Atlantic Ocean to the East. The country is touristically divided in 6 regions, and politically divided in 24 provinces.

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Argentina is usually described as a land of impressive contrasts, product of a varied geography. From the Andes to the west, which stretch along the Argentina-Chile border from north to south, with the highest peak, 6,959 meter / 22,831 feet Mount Aconcagua, to the Pampas and the Atlantic Coast, and across hill ranges, numerous forests, rainforests, deserts and fertile valleys, the biodiversity of these ecosystems allow the development of rich flora and fauna. Many natural sites in the country are protected areas like reserves and national parks. Moreover, some of the main natural landmarks have been declared World Heritage Sites by the UNESCO.

The main characteristic of Argentina is diversity, and this is also the case with the weather. The country enjoys a very varied climate: it is mild and humid in the Pampas; cold and damp in the western Patagonia; subtropical in the Mesopotamia region; and warm in the Northeast. The highest points at all latitudes are the coldest areas, with dry, snowy, mountain weather, and a wide temperature range.

[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”Language”][vc_column_text]Spanish is the official language of the Argentine Republic.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”Time Zone”][vc_column_text]UTC (Coordinated Universal Time): -3 / Summer Time: UTC -2.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”Business Information”][vc_column_text]

In big cities, stores are open Monday thru Friday from 9 am to 8 pm. On Saturdays, stores are open from 9 am to 1 pm. However, stores located in major avenues remain open during the afternoon. In the provinces, it is usual to take a break at noon, usually from 1 pm to 4 pm. In shopping malls, operating hours are from 10 am to 10 pm, even during weekends and some national holidays.

It is customary to leave a 10% tip for different services received (mainly in restaurants), which is not always included in the bill. It is also customary to tip doormen, hotel attendants, and ushers.

Banks open Monday thru Friday, from 10 am to 3 pm in most of the cities.

Payment Methods: Although the US dollar and the Euro are generally accepted in stores and shops, foreign currencies can be exchanged at banks and authorized agencies. The most widely accepted credit cards are American Express, VISA, Diners, and MasterCard. Traveler’s checks can be easily traded in Buenos Aires, but not in some provincial towns.

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At Ezeiza Airport you have a choice between a change bureau located by the Luggage Claim carrousel, and Banco de la Nación Argentina, which is located in Terminal A Arrivals area. Usually, Banco de la Nación has a better exchange rate.
You can check information about the current exchange rate at this link: Banco de la Nación Argentina.
The Argentine currency is the peso ($). You can find notes of $ 100, $ 50, $ 20, $ 10, $ 5 and $ 2, and coins of 1 and 2 pesos, 50 cents, 25 cents, 10 cents and 5 cents.
The United Sates dollar is the international currency most frequently used in Argentina. You can exchange foreign currency in banks or exchange offices, for which cases you must show your passport.
Exchange rate as of February 2014:
US$ 1 = approx. AR$ 7.81
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VAT (Value Added Tax) is 21%.

It is possible to get the VAT (value-added tax) refunded at the airport. If you have purchased national products for over $70 (per invoice) in shops operating with the “Global Refund” system, it is possible to get a VAT refund at Ministro Pistarini International Airport (Ezeiza). For further information visit Global Blue.

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Due to the large size of the country, flying is the most convenient way of traveling long distances all over the country. Flying can be combined with land transportation.

There are a number of airlines offering domestic flights, including: Aerolíneas Argentinas, Austral, Andes Líneas Aéreas, LAN Argentina and Sol Líneas Aéreas.

Domestic flights and flights to Uruguay depart from Jorge Newbery Airport, located to the north of the City of Buenos Aires by the De la Plata River.

Cities Flying time from Buenos Aires
Rosario 50 minutes
Córdoba 1 hour 30 minutes
Mar del Plata 50 minutes
Mendoza (wine route) 1 hour 50 minutes
Puerto Iguazú (Waterfalls) 1 hour 45 minutes
Argentine North: San Salvador de Jujuy, Salta and Tucumán Average 2 hours
San Carlos de Bariloche (Patagonia, lagoons region) 2 hours 20 minutes
Ushuaia (the the southest city of the world) 1 hour 45 minutes

Tourists can also travel by train to many places in Argentina. There are also tourist trains, including the train traveling along the northern suburban area of Buenos Aires, as well as other famous trains located in the provinces –such as the “De las Nubes” Train in Salta and the “Del Fin del Mundo” Train in Ushuaia, among others.

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Congress General Secretariat:
Marcela Clemente Congress
icpe2014@mclementeeventos.com.ar

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